Bullet Resistant, ArmorResist®

Introduction

Laminated glass can be designed to resist attacks by a wide range of weapons. There are many standards and test methods available. Almost all of these have two main requirements: (1) the glazing must resist penetration by a specified bullet and (2); the spall or flying shards of glass leaving the rear face, as a result of the impact, must be eliminated. Bullet-resistant laminated glass can meet both of these requirements. It is important to note that ArmorResist® glazing materials are not classified as forced-entry resistant.

    Capabilities

    Bullet Resistant, ArmorResist® Capabilities

    • Bullet-resistant glazing is not necessarily resistant to a sustained physical attack or forced-entry; however, some glazing is designed to be resistant to both forms of attack. Products which have been designed to resist both forced-entry and ballistic attacks are to be found in Forced-Entry, ArmorProtect®.

      Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope® Security Laminates for Use in Bullet-Resistant Applications

       

      Tradename Product # UL 752 N|J Nominal Thickness inches Weight
      lbs/ft2
      Max Size Assembly

      ArmorResist®

      211000

      1(1)

      1-3/16

      14.7

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      211100

      1(1)

      1-5/16

      15.5

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      212000

      2(1)

      1-1/2

      19.3

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      213000

      3(4)

      1-3/4

      24.2

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      214000

      4(1)

      2

      25.8

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      215000

      5(1)

      2

      25.8

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      216000

      6(1)

      1-13/16

      22.6

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      212100

      2A

      1-3/16

      14.7

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      212200

      2

      1-1/2

      19.1

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

      ArmorResist®

      213100

      3A

      1-3/4

      22.7

      500LBS(2)

      AGL

                     

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      221000

      1(1)

      0.81

      8.4

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      222000

      2(1)

      1.03

      11.2

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      223000

      3(1)

      1.22

      13.5

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      223100

      3

      0.93

      11.2

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      224200

      4(1)

      1.22

      13.5

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      225000

      5(1)

      1.28

      13.6

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      226000

      6(1)

      1.04

      10.0

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      227100

      7(1)

      1.64

      18.5

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      228000

      8(1)

      2.17

      25.1

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      223010

      3

      1.68

      18.5

      60x96

      GP

      ArmorResist®  Plus

      224100

      4

      2.27

      26.6

      60x96

      GP


      (1) Indicates UL certification and permanent UL logo.
      (2) Maximum size is limited by the listed weight.
      (3) GP-glass-clad polycarbonate with exposed polycarbonate; AGL-all-glass laminate.

    Description

    Bullet Resistant, ArmorResist® Description

    • ArmorResist® 
ArmorResist® is a multi-ply laminated glass having multiple layers of glass and PVB bonded together into a monolithic unit. The rear most lite of glass is usually a thin glass that eliminates spall and therefore allows the glass to meet all the requirements of UL 752. This range of products is the most economical and durable range of bullet-resistant glasses manufactured by Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope®.

      ArmorResist® Plus
ArmorResist™ Plus is a combination of glass and polycarbonate. PVB and/or a Thermo Plastic Urethane (TPU) is used as the interlayer in this product range. Polycarbonate is one of the toughest clear plastics, having 250 times the impact strength of glass and is used toward the rear of the laminate to flex and absorb the energy of the bullet. The rear face is always exposed polycarbonate with a scratch-resistant coating.

    Glass Colors

    ArmorResist® Glass Colors

    • Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope® offers a comprehensive line of laminated glazing solutions including security glazing. The glass types listed below are included in the Laminated Glass offering. Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope® offers a variety of glass products to meet your architectural glazing design needs. Please contact Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope® for product availability and performance data as this information is subject to change without notice.

      Laminated architectural glass can be fabricated using various glass types, including low-e, clear, low-iron, tinted, reflective, patterned or wired glass to achieve desired aesthetics or to improve solar control and thermal performance. Mass pigmented and decorative interlayers can also be use to provide a wide range of effects.

      For monolithic, laminated or insulating glass unit performance data, please go to GlasSelect®, our on-line glass performance calculator. For a brief tutorial on how to use GlasSelect®, please click on How to Use GlasSelect® Demo.

      For full details of the decorative interlayers including Vanceva® Color, Pattern, Metallic and Image see the decorative section.

      Assistance Options:

      1. Call toll-free, 866-653-2278.
      2. Send e-mail to support@oldcastlebe.com.
      3. To submit a more detailed request, click on one of the following to open a contact form:
        1. General inquiry
        2. Project specific

    Installation Guidelines

    Bullet Resistant, ArmorResist® Installation Guidelines

    • These guidelines are to be used in addition to, and in conjunction with, the guidelines in the latest edition of the Glazing Manual published by the Glass Association of North America and Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope® Glazing Instructions. These should be included as part of the glazing specifications. Failure to follow these guidelines may result in voiding of the warranty.

      Setting Blocks

      All laminated glass should be installed on setting blocks positioned on the lower edge at the quarter points. The setting block should have a Shore A durometer of 85±5, support the entire thickness of the glass and be 0.1" long, per square foot of glazing, but not less than 4" in length. Ensure that the setting blocks are manufactured from Santoprene, Silicone, EPDM or any other material compatible with silicone and the rest of the glazing components. Pay particular attention to compatibility when the laminated glass contains a
      polycarbonate.

      Clearances

      Adequate clearances must be maintained to prevent glass damage or breakage as a result of glass-tometal contact. A minimum of a 1/8" face clearance should be maintained using a cushioning material. Edge clearance should be a minimum of 1/4"; however, due to the expansion of polycarbonate, any laminate containing this material should have a 1/16" edge clearance per foot of glass length. To reduce in-service breakage, avoid excessive clamping pressures, especially on thin annealed glass.

      Edge Engagement

      All forced-entry and bullet resistant glass must have a minimum of a 1" edge engagement. Clearances and setting block allowances are in addition to this engagement. Any reduction in this edge engagement can cause the performance of the product to be reduced and the test certificate may no longer be applicable.

      Weep System

      The edges of laminated glass must not be exposed to standing water. All framing systems must be designed to accommodate a reliable weep system, as no cap seal is 100% reliable. In addition, it is extremely important that any cleaning solutions used on either face of the glass be allowed to drain out of the frame. It is the responsibility of the designer and the installer to ensure that the weep system works correctly. Do not glaze any laminated glass in a system without adequate drainage.

      Sealants and Caulking

      An appropriate sealant should be used to seal the glazing to the frame. Sealant and caulking manufacturers regularly change their products' raw materials. Therefore, it is essential that the installer checks with the appropriate manufacturer for compatibility of any product, before use. This is particularly important for security glazing containing polycarbonate, as some solvents used in sealants can cause crazing and ultimate failure of the product. This warning also applies to any varnishes, primers or paints used on the framing system. These finishes should be allowed to fully dry before glazing commences.

      Threat Surface

      Most bullet-resistant glazing products and some forced-entry products are not symmetrical and have a threat side, attack face or impact face. All glass of this type supplied by Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope® is shipped with a removable label specifying the impact face. This side MUST be installed toward the threat side. Failure to do this can seriously affect the ability of the product to resist the specified threat. This label should be left on until final inspection and/or sign-off occurs.

      Storage

      Shipments should be scheduled so that glass is stored on the site for a maximum of 30 days. If the glass is to be stored for longer than this, it should be removed from the construction site to a controlled environment. When on the site, store crates indoors and keep them dry. Ensure that the stored glass remains above the dew point at all times; otherwise, condensation and staining can occur. Protect the
      crates from exposure and possible damage from the practices of other construction trades.

      Handling

      Only remove the glass from the crates when it is ready to be installed. Remove glass from the front of the crate–never by sliding to the side. On security glass with exposed polycarbonate, pay particular attention to this face. Never allow glass to rest on uncushioned surfaces. When exposed polycarbonate is supplied with a protective removable sheet, this must be removed immediately after the installation. Never allow the sun to bake this protective film on to the glazing. Never allow anything to rest against the glass. DO NOT install any glass that has been damaged, however slightly. Even small cracks at the edges can ultimately "run" due to thermal expansion while in service. Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope® does not warrant glass breakage.

      Cleaning

      Do not expose the edges of any laminated glass to organic solvents, acids or any cleaner containing ammonia, which can react with the plastic components. Once the glazing is installed, the glazing contractor should ensure that the glazing is protected from possible damage caused by the construction practices of other trades. Take particular care during the initial cleaning, especially if the surfaces are severely soiled. Never attempt to remove dry deposits. NEVER use a sharp blade or scraper to remove deposits or clean
      the glass.

      First flush with water to soften and remove as many contaminants as possible. Then use a clean squeegee to remove excess water, ensuring that abrasive deposits do not get trapped between the squeegee and the glass surface. Then use a mild nonabrasive, nonalkaline cleaner and a soft, grit-free cloth to clean the glass. Rinse immediately with water, removing excess water with a squeegee.

      For routine cleaning, a mild soap or detergent, with lukewarm water, can be used with a clean, grit-free cloth. Dry the surface immediately and never allow metallic or hard objects, such as razor blades or scrapers, to come into contact with the glass.

      Cleaning Exposed Polycarbonate

      All exposed polycarbonate has a mar-resistant coating; however, extra care must be taken to avoid scratching or other damage. Do not use any abrasive cleaners or solvents. Wash with a mild detergent and lukewarm water, using a clean, grit-free cloth. Rinse immediately with clean water and dry with a chamois or moist cellulose sponge to avoid water spots. Fresh paint, grease and smeared glazing compounds can be removed using isopropyl alcohol. Afterward, wash with warm water and a mild detergent, as noted above.

    Specifications

    Bullet Resistant, ArmorResist® Specifications 088853_088856_bullet_resist.doc

    Test Standards

    Bullet Resistant, ArmorResist® Test Standards

    •   Table 1: UL 752 Ratings of Bullet-Resistant Materials
        Projectile Weight Minimum Velocity(1)  
      Rating Ammunition Grain grams ft/sec m/sec No. of
      Shots
      Level 1 9 mm Full Metal, Copper Jacket
      with Lead Core
      124 8.0 1,175 358 3
      Level 2 357 Magnum Jacketed
      Lead, Soft Point
      158 10.2 1,250 381 3
      Level 3 .44 Magnum Lead Semi-
      Wadcutter, Gas Checked
      240 15.6 1,350 411 3
      Level 4 .30 Caliber Rifle,
      Lead Core, Soft Point
      180 11.7 2,540 774 1
      Level 5 7.62 mm Rifle, Lead Core, Full Metal,
      Copper Jacket, Military Ball
      150 9.7 2,750 838 1
      Level 6 9 mm Full Metal, Copper
      Jacket with Lead Core
      124 8.0 1,400 427 5
      Level 7 5.56 mm Rifle, Full Metal, Copper
      Jacket with Lead Core
      55 3.56 3,080 939 5
      Level 8 7.62 mm Rifle, Lead Core, Full Metal,
      Copper Jacket, Military Ball
      150 9.7 2,750 838 5
      Level 9 .30 Caliber Rifle, Armor Piercing, Steel
      Core, Lead Point Filler, Full Metal Jacket
      166 10.8 2,715 828 1
      Level 10 .50 Caliber Rifle, Lead Core, Full Metal,
      Copper Jacket, Military Ball
      710 45.9 2,810 856 1
      Supplementary 12-Gauge Rifled, Lead Slug, 437 28.3 1,585 483 3
      Shotgun and 12-Gauge 00 Lead
      Buckshot (12 pellets)
      650 42 1,200 366 3
      (1) Maximum velocity is 110 % of the minimum velocity.

       

        Table 2: NIJ Ratings of Bullet Resistant Materials
                   Test VariablesPerformance Requirements
      Armor
      Type
      Test
      Ammunition(1)
      Nominal
      Bullet
      Mass
      Suggested
      Barrel
      Length
      Required
      Bullet
      Velocity
      Required Hits
      Per Armor
      Specimen
      Permitted
      Penetrations
      I  22 LRHV
      Lead
      2.6g
      40gr
      15 to 16.5cm
      6 to 6.5in
      320–12m/s
      1050–40ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
        .38 Special
      RN Lead
      10.2g
      158gr
      15 to 16.5cm
      6 to 6.5 in
      259–15m/s
      850–50ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
      II-A .357 Magnum
      JSP
      10.2g
      158gr
      10 to 12 cm
      4 to 4.75 in
      381–15m/s
      1250–50ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
       9 mm
      FMJ
      8.0g
      124gr
      10 to 12cm
      4 to 4.75in
      332–12m/s
      1090–40ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
      II .357 Magnum
      JSP
      10.2g
      158gr
      15 to 16.5cm
      6 to 6.5in
      425–15m/s
      1395–50ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
       9mm
      FMJ
      8.0g
      124gr
      10 to 12cm
      4 to 4.75in
      358–12m/s
      1175–40ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
      III-A .44 Magnum
      LeadSWC
      GasChecked
      15.55g
      240gr
      14 to 16cm
      5.5 to 6.25in
      426–15m/s
      1400–50ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
       9 mm
      FMJ
      8.0g
      124gr
      24 to 26cm
      9.5 to 10.25in
      426–15m/s
      1400–50ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
      III 7.62 mm
      (308 Winchester)
      FMJ
      9.7g
      150gr
      56cm
      22in
      838–15m/s
      2750–50ft/s
      5
       
      0
       
      IV .30-06
      AP
      10.8g
      166gr
      56cm
      22in
      868–15m/s
      2850–50ft/s
      1
       
      0
       
      Specialrequirement
      (See Sec.
      2.2.7 of
      standard)
       (2)(2)(2)(2)(2)0
      (1) AP–Armor Piercing; FMJ–Full Metal Jacketed; JSP–Jacketed Soft Point; LRHV–Long Rifle High Velocity;RN–Round Nose; SWC–Semi-Wadcutter.
      (2) These items must be specified by the user.

    Literature

    • Bullet Resistant, ArmorResist® Sell Sheet(PDF)